The Codex Gigas is the largest extant medieval manuscript in the world.
It is also known as the Devil’s Bible because of a large illustration of the devil on the inside and the legend surrounding its creation.
It is thought to have been created in the early 13th century in the Benedictine monastery of Podlažice inBohemia (modern Czech Republic). It contains the Vulgate Bible as well as many historical documents all written in Latin. During the Thirty Years’ War in 1648, the entire collection was taken as war booty by the Swedish, and now it is preserved at the National Library of Sweden in Stockholm, on display for the general public.
The codex is bound in a wooden folder covered with leather and ornate metal. At 92 cm (36 in) tall, 50 cm (20 in) wide and 22 cm (8.7 in) thick, it is the largest known medieval manuscript. Weighing 74.8 kg (165 lb), Codex Gigas is composed of 310 leaves of vellum allegedly made from the skins of 160 donkeys or perhaps calfskin. It initially contained 320 sheets, though some of these were subsequently removed.
It is unknown who removed the pages or for what purpose but it seems likely that they contained the monastic rules of the Benedictines.
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